Nematodes have been used as model organisms for evolutionary studies. This article highlights the key findings from research on developmental processes, sex determination, dauer formation, vulva development, male tail formation and developmental regulation of gene expression with regards to evolution. An updated phylogenetic tree of the phylum Nematoda is also provided. This article is an excellent read to summarise evolutionary differences within nematodes for the above mentioned processes.
Haag, E. S., Fitch, D. H. A., & Delattre, M. (2018). From “the Worm” to “the Worms” and Back Again: The Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Nematodes. Genetics, 210(2), 397 LP – 433. https://doi.org/10.1534/genetics.118.300243
Boroweic et al. (2020) describes the phenomena in which decaying bodies of older C. elegans turn into nutritious fluid for their offsprings using the insulin/IGF-1 insulin pathway.
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The article by Kanzaki, N. et al. (2018) describes the first sibling species of C. elegans – C. inopinata including its morphological, ecological, behavioural and genetic analysis.
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Kanzaki, N., Tsai, I.J., Tanaka, R. et al. Biology and genome of a newly discovered sibling species of Caenorhabditis elegans. Nat Commun 9, 3216 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05712-5
Benjamin Podbilewicz has spent many years understanding the process of cell fusion and contributing immensely to the filed. To know about his life and his passion for science, click on the link below
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